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This is an open access publication, available online and distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International  except where otherwise noted.

The Physics 132 Lab Manual: Understanding Data is adapted from several openly licensed materials listed below. We, the authors, believe in the free sharing of information. Only because other people also believe in this goal, were we able to put this together. We

OpenStax Introductory Business Statistics
Senior Contributing Authors
Alexander Holmes, The University of Oklahoma
Barbara Illowsky, De Anza College
Susan Dean, De Anza College
Contributing Authors
Kevin Hadley, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City

OpenStax Chemistry Atoms First 2e
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Paul Flowers, University of North Carolina at Pembroke
Edward J. Neth, University of Connecticut
William R. Robinson, PhD
Klaus Theopold, University of Delaware
Richard Langley, Stephen F. Austin State University
Contributing Authors
Jennifer Look, Mercer University
Allison Soult, University of Kentucky
Simon Bott, University of Houston
Donald Carpenetti, Craven Community College
Andrew Eklund, Alfred University
Emad El-Giar, University of Louisiana at Monroe
Don Frantz, Wilfrid Laurier University
Paul Hooker, Westminster College
Carol Martinez, Central New Mexico Community College
Troy Milliken, Jackson State University
Vicki Moravec, Trine University
George Kaminski, Worcester Polytechnic Institute
Mark Blaser, Shasta College
Jason Powell, Ferrum College
Thomas Sorensen, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee

Denker, J. Uncertainty as Applied to Measurements and Calculations. Uncertainty as Applied to Measurments and Calculations (2011). Available at: (Accessed: 26th August 2016). Used with permission.

E. Hoib, The Algebra Help e-Book. Section 5.2 Reference – Graphs of eight basic types of functions. Copyright 2018. Used with permission.

Boers, Maarten. “Designing Effective Graphs to Get Your Message Across.” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 77, no. 6 (June 1, 2018): 833–39.

We are also heavily in the debt of Dr. Paul Bourgeois and David Nguyen whose prior work on the 132 labs formed the inspiration for this work.

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Physics 132 Lab Manual by Brokk Toggerson and Aidan Philbin is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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