Chapter Twelve – Frantz Fanon
■ How has colonization affected Black people, according to Fanon?
■ Why is, according to Fanon violence necessary to overthrow the colonial oppressor?
■ What link can be established between the black skin/white mask concept, colonization, and violent revolt?
■ Does colonial exploitation, torture, massacres and other repressive methodologies used against
Black and Brown people justify their violent uprising? If so, why? If not, why not?
■ Authors who agree with Fanon’s analysis state that Blacks who descent from Africans who were brough to the US as slaves are a colonized population, who were never asked to sign the Social Contract. Rather, the contract was on them. Is there a connection between this process of colonization and the destruction of property that we saw this summer at the protests over racialized police brutality?