Chapter Thirteen: Final Exercises

Final Exercise #11: “Self-Defense, Automony, and Revolution”

Self-Defense, Automony, and Revolution


Malcolm X’s thoughts, strategies, and tactics,exerted a powerful influence over many people and political organizations, including the Black Panther Party. The same has been said of theorists such as Marx and Kropotkin. How did these diverse groups and theorists deal with the issue of self-defense, autonomy, and subjectivity (or identity)?

Prompts for Final Exercise. Please address all items

  1. Relate the politics of self-defense of the Black Panther Party and Malcolm X with the autonomism of the Zapatistas
  2. How do these two movements balance local self-defense and community autonomy with an inclusive worldview which situates their struggles within national and global struggles for a better world?
  3. Compare the ways in which these two movements use subjectivity (or identity) as a unifying concept.
  4. How do each of these movements relate to Marx and Kropotkin’s visions for a new society? Did they implement any of their ideas? Was there anything in what they were or are doing that runs against their diverse philosophies?

Steps to create the Final Exercise. Please follow all of these steps.

  1. Re-read PowerPoints “Marx,” “Kropotkin,”  “Malcolm X,”  “Zapatistas,”
  2. Re-read your underlined texts of “The Communist Manifesto”
  3. Re-read your underlined texts of“The Conquest of Bread,”
  4. Re-readyour underlined texts of“Self-Determination and Self-Defense,”
  5. Re-read “The Black Panther Party 10 Point Program,”
  6. Re-read “Basic Definitions of Marxist Terminology”
  7. Have an awesome discussion
  8. Make a eleven-minute long presentation in any of the formats suggested below
  9. Title every submission and include teammates names. The title needs to include your table number.
  10. At the end of class today, please upload your notes, texts, PPs, Spoken Word written text, script for Skits, and notes, images and videos to the Final Project folder in Moodle. Everything needs to be titled (including table number) and include the names of teammates.

Possible Presentation Formats

Spoken Word, Skits, Video and image analysis, Power Point                                                                                                                            Other creative formats might also be accepted, previous consultation with facilitators

Presentation Guidelines

Your presentation needs to have an introduction, a body where you draw your argument and present evidence or examples, and a conclusion. We need to hear from all the students in your group.


Thoroughly explain the concepts that will help you present your vision.


Be creative! Here is where you can use pictures, videos, poems, spoken word, or other forms to illustrate, analyze, and share your thoughts. Remember to tie your examples with your author’s concepts or ideas.


Bring it all together. Briefly recap concepts and examples or illustrations to explain how all of the above ties in with your life and vision for a better world.

Grading Rubric

Group Graded: Total
Beginning Developing Accomplished Exemplary
Quotes from text No quotes used Quotes with little analysis Quotes with some analysis Quotes with full analysis
Clarity of ideas Almost impossible to understand Difficult to understand Failry easy to understand Clear and easy to understand
Quality of Presentation Poor use of resources, boring. Few students present Some use of resources, somewhat boring. Some students present Good use of resources, entertaining. Many students present Great use of resources, impressive. Most to all students present
Length of Presentation Shorter 3 mins, longer 11 mins Between 3-5 mins Between 5-6 Between 6-11



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